A Case Study: Factors Affecting on Milk Production of Contract Farmers' of the Swiss Cheese Company Private Limited in Nitvvara-Eliya District

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dc.contributor.author Rifky, A.L.M.
dc.date.accessioned 2021-11-25T09:14:38Z
dc.date.available 2021-11-25T09:14:38Z
dc.date.issued 2010
dc.identifier.other UWU/AAG/06/0043
dc.identifier.uri http://www.erepo.lib.uwu.ac.lk/bitstream/handle/123456789/7744/AAG%2006%20043-16112021104619.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y
dc.description.abstract This study investigated the factors affecting on milk production of the contract dairy cattle farmers' of Swiss Cheese Company Pvt. Ltd. in Nuwara-eliya district. A field survey was carried out using 50 farmers in Queensberry, Bogahawatta, Maskeliya, Kellewatta and Rozella villages. A pre-tested structured questionnaire was used. The investigated farmers were virtually landless and farming is done in extremely small (118±8.7 m2) block of land, in most cases owned by commercial tea plantations. Herd size was found to be 2.26±0.18 with low number of lactating cows (1.0±0.12). Although, almost all cattle farmers practice stall feeding (96%), majority of them (68%) depend entirely on naturally grown low quality, mix weeds. The roughage and concentrate offered were 47.8±4.35 and 1.1±0.09 kg/cow/d, respectively. Although, the temperate cross bred dairy cows managed were at their 4±0.4th parity, the milk production was found to be considerably low (6.7±0.78 L/cow and 9.2±1.14 L/herd). Age at first calving was 34±0.2 and the calving interval was 14±0.2 in months. Cost benefit analysis showed that the INC ratio (per herd) was 2.36-10.359, thus the farmers gain profits from cattle keeping. The regression analysis reviled that calving interval, percentage lactating cows, expenditure on concentrate, AI, veterinary service and the amount of roughage offered are the factors that significantly (P<0.05) affect on herd milk production. Farmers' knowledge in cattle keeping was found to be significantly low possibly due to low level of formal education_ According to perception of farmers', lack of capital for improve housing facilities, unavailability of forage source, low milk productivity of cattle and low farm-gate milk price were identified as constraints in cattle farming in the studied area. Herd milk production from contract farmers could be improved by introduction of better feeding (i.e. concentrate and roughage) strategies. Key words: Cattle, Milk production, Feeding, Calving interval, Expenditure en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Uva Wellassa University of Sri Lanka en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries ;UWU/AAG/06/0043
dc.subject Export Agriculture Degree Programme (EAG) en_US
dc.title A Case Study: Factors Affecting on Milk Production of Contract Farmers' of the Swiss Cheese Company Private Limited in Nitvvara-Eliya District en_US
dc.title.alternative Research Article – AAG 2010 en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US

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