Detecting Mislabelling of Packaged Frozen Seafood Products in Sri Lanka: a Dna Barcoding Approach

Show simple item record PERERA, A.G.D.M. 2021-10-13T09:36:02Z 2021-10-13T09:36:02Z 2013
dc.identifier.other UWU/AQT/13/0025
dc.description.abstract The seafood trade has conquered a vast market in global, as well as the local context. Substitution of high value seafood species with those of low cost has become an emerging problem for the expanding market, since some of the products are visually unrecognizable and morphologically indistinguishable. The objective of this study was to assess the suitability of DNA barcoding as a method for species identification of packaged seafood to detect any mislabelling. Eight packaged frozen seafood product samples including finfish, crab, shrimp and cuttlefish were obtained from randomly selected supermarkets and subjected to DNA extraction. Mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase subunit I gene (COI) was amplified in those samples with appropriate primers. Then five successful PCR products of tuna (T1 & T2), sailfish (SF1 & SF2) and crab (Cl) were selected for sequencing to obtain DNA barcodes. The prepared DNA sequences were compared with the Barcode of Life Database (BOLD) system for species identification. Closely related sequences for each sample were downloaded from NCBI Genbank and phylogenetic trees were constructed using Maximum Parsimony, Maximum Likelihood and Neighbour Joining methods. Samples were identified as follows, T1 - Thunnus albacares (100%) and T2 - Thunnus alalunga (99.85%), SF1 and SF2 - Istiophorus platypterus (100%) and Cl - Portunus pelagicus (97.71%). Identical tree topologies resulted from all three methods and three major clades were revealed in the phylogenetic tree as tuna, sailfish and crab groups. All five selected samples matched with more than 95% identification percentage showing that correct labelling had been done by the packaging companies. This study concluded that DNA barcoding is a feasible, efficient and reproducible method for detection of mislabelling of packaged frozen seafood products. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Uva Wellassa University of Sri Lanka en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries ;UWU/AQT/13/0025
dc.subject Aquatic Resources Technology Degree Programme ( AQT) en_US
dc.title Detecting Mislabelling of Packaged Frozen Seafood Products in Sri Lanka: a Dna Barcoding Approach en_US
dc.title.alternative Research Article – AQT 2013 en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US

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